The Institute has two governing bodies and one executive organ. They are governed by the pertinent provisions of the Convention on IICA and by their respective Rules of Procedure. The Institute also has two special mechanisms created by the Inter-American Board of Agriculture (IABA): the Special Advisory Commission on Management Issues (SACMI) and the Audit Review Committee (ARC).
The highest governing body of IICA, it consists of 34 Member States. The IABA holds a regular meeting every two years.
A governing body consisting of 12 Member States, elected for two years on the basis of the principles of partial rotation and equitable geographical distribution. The Executive Committee holds a regular meeting each year.